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The Puzzle of Leadership Styles

There are different leadership styles used to lead teams and organisations. Each leadership style has its own characteristics, benefits and appropriate situations. Here are some of the most recognised leadership styles:


  1. Authoritarian Leadership: Also known as autocratic leadership. The leader makes decisions without much input from the team. This style can be useful in crisis situations or when quick decision-making is required.

  2. Transformational Leadership: This style focuses on inspiration, motivation and growth. Transformational leaders encourage their team members to maximise their potential and develop innovative ideas.

  3. Transactional Leadership: This uses rewards and punishments to motivate team members.It emphasises adherence to rules and objectives.

  4. Coaching Leadership: A coaching leader guides and supports individual team members to improve their skills and performance. This style encourages learning and growth.

  5. Servant-Leadership: Servant-leaders put serving others first. They focus on supporting and meeting the needs of their team members.

  6. Laissez-Faire Leadership: This style involves the leader providing minimal direction and giving a lot of autonomy to the team. It can be effective when the team is highly competent and self-motivated.

  7. Visionary Leadership: Visionary leaders inspire with a clear vision for the future and help the team realise this vision.

  8. Charismatic Leadership: Charismatic leaders exert influence through their personality and charm. They inspire and attract people through their persuasive and persuasive communication.

  9. Participative Leadership: Also known as democratic leadership. The leader involves team members in decision-making and encourages their input.

  10. Situational Leadership: Here the leader adapts his style according to the situation and the competence and motivation of the team. This can range from strongly directing to delegating.


It is important to note that successful leadership is often a combination of different styles, depending on the context, the needs of the team and the goals of the organisation. Effective leaders are able to adapt their style to different circumstances and strive for a balance between achieving results and supporting and developing their team members.

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